Today, there is practically a consensus that sustainable development is a process that translates into the combination of three pillars to benefit the generations of today and tomorrow in a country: economic growth, environmental conservation and improved quality of life in society.
Based on this premise, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) periodically puts out the “Sustainable Development Indicators” publication, which is now in 6th edition and contains 63 indicators, aimed at outlining a panorama of Brazil in four dimensions: environmental, social, economic and institutional. These indicators are built based on studies down by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and also by ministries, state and municipal secretariats, Iphan and Unesco, among other institutions.
The IBGE study provides continuity to reporting that started in 2012, with the goal of providing a system of information to monitor the sustainability of the country’s standard of development. Just as with other editions, the publication uses the guidelines of the CSD (Commission on Sustainable Development) at the UN – United Nations.
For the first time, the publication contains information on the country’s cultural and environmental diversity, through the Brazilian Cultural Heritage Indicator, made up of cultural and natural assets recognized by Unesco, such as Samba de Roda in the Recôncavo Baiano region and the Historical Center of the city of Olinda.
Construction of sustainable development indicators in Brazil is part of the set of international efforts to establish the ideas and principles formulated at the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. They make it possible to measure environmental quality and quality of life, the country’s macroeconomic performance, standards of production and consumption and formulation of public policies for sustainable development.
To find out more about this topic, go to: www.ibge.gov.br